Julian Nida-Rümelin was born on 28 November 1954, and is descended from a family of artists in Munich. He studied from 1975 to 1980 Philosophy, Physics, Mathematics and Political Science in Munich and Tübingen. He was then a research assistant in Munich and became a professor there in 1989. After being a guest professor in the USA, Nida-Rümelin took over (1991-1993) a chair of ethics in the bio-sciences at the University of Tuebingen and then (1993-2003) bacame a professor of philosophy at the University of Göttingen. For the summer he was appointed to the chair of philosophy and political theory at the “Geschwister-Scholl-Institute” for Political Science in Munich, whose director he was in the years 2004 to 2007. For summer 2009, he took over a chair of philosophy at the Department of Philosophy of the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich.
In the years 1998 to 2000, Nida-Rümelin was Cultural Officer of the City of Munich and in the years 2001 and 2002 he was a member of the Federal Government , as Minister of State.
Nida-Rümelin is a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and the European Academy of Science, he is an honorary professor at Humboldt University in Berlin (Department of Philosophy) and Board of Trustees Chairman of the German Studies Award. In September 2008 he was elected President of the German Society for Philosophy (2009-2011).